It is not possible to fully and exactly determine how many Croats and their descendants now live in Argentina, but realistic assumption is about 250,000 members of this community.
In large numbers Croats began to settle in Argentina after the 1848th. That number increased until 1918th. It is worth to mention that the Croats individually began to come in this area from the mid-18th century. First historical data exist for the Croatian Jesuit Nicholas Plantic, born in Zagreb in 1720th, who came in Argentina in the 1748th. Along with other services, which he was performed there, he was a professor of logic at the Jesuit University of Cordoba, a city 700 km away from Buenos Aires. Before the expulsion of the Jesuits from South America 1768th, for some time he was rector of the Colegio Nacional in Buenos Aires.
Among our first settlers was also a building contractor Buratović, a native of the island Hvar. He built roads, railways all around the Argentina, built the houses. Also, it should be noted too, that build first telegraph link between Buenos Aires and Rosario. He brought to Argentina a larger group of its Hvar people. Many immigrants from other parts of Dalmatia followed them. Also, they take up residence and Croats from Istria, Slavonia, Primorje.
The second wave of immigration, which was much more numerous than the first, occurred between I and World War II, between 1918th and 1939th. At this stage, the most numerous immigrants were also from the Croatian coastal areas and from Banija, Lika, Kordun, Slavonia, Srem, northern Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In the first and second wave of immigration to Argentina, the Croats were enrolled in the records of their new home not only as Croats, but also as Austrians, Hungarians, Slavs, Dalmatians, Yugoslavs. It was because of a reflection of the situation in which was a country of origin. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in Argentina's in 1939th were about 150,000 Croats gathered in 133 settlements.
The third and final wave was after the Second World War, between the 1945th and in 1956th. In that period, around 20,000 Croats, political exiles came to Argentina. Immigration
Fra Blaž Štefanić, who came to Argentina 1939th as a missionary for the Croats, was most meritorius for immigration of Croats after the Second World War in Argentina. At the instigation of Rome, he began to work for the salvation of Croatian refugees from Austria, Germany and Italy beginning in 1946. At that time, Argentine President General Juan Domingo Peron, in consultation with the Director of emigration, approved entry 35 000 Croats.
Status of Croats in Argentina
Croats, who have Argentine nationality, have the same rights and obligations that are equal citizens of Argentina. There is no time limit for their stay in Argentina for getting citizenship. Argentina allows dual citizenship.
Today, Croats in Argentina have very important social positions. It is important to mention that the Croatian descendants still are not as assimilated as in other Latin American countries, and there is a very high sense of belonging to the Croatian people. Croatian immigrants and their descendants have largely contributed to the development of the country in which they enjoy the reputation of honest and valuable community about what are, both as individuals and as a community, received numerous awards from the Argentinean government bodies.
Croatian Association and the Catholic Mission
There are numerous, active amateur cultural clubs both in Buenos Aires and in other cities. Especially numerous folklore groups.
The largest number of Croatian clubs located in Buenos Aires, and also operate in another 23 Argentinean city.
In Buenos Aires is the seat of the Spiritual Directorate of the Croatian Catholic community in Argentini. The main center of cultural events is a Catholic center "Sv. Leopold Mandic "and" Sv. Nikola Tavelić "in Buenos Aires.
In Buenos Aires and surrounding areas, work for over 30 years "Caritas Croatian Cardinal Stepinac," charity that assists immigrants and their descendants who are poor or they were alone.
One teacher performs Croatia classes for about 110 students, the children of the third generation of Croats immigrants in Buenos Aires in two place: the Centro Juvenil Argentino-Croata and Circulo Croata under the jurisdiction of the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports. In Catholic schools St. Leopold Mandic and St.. Nikola Tavelić, as in the city of Rosario and Cordoba operate additional schools Croatian language. Croatian lessons are organized from time to time in the Croatian clubs in Buenos Aires.
Exchange programs for Croatian language and literature in the jurisdiction of the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports:
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires
Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario
Publishing and Media
Upon arrival in this country, Croats immediately developed quite a large publishing business, which over time slowly began to decline due to the fact that in the early fifties of the last century ended significant immigration of Croats in this country. Even more valuable to highlight the publication "Studio Croatica" which is printing in Buenos Aires constantly over four decades. Numerous cultural institutions all around the world received this publication. "Studio Croatica” has the largest Croatian web site in Spanish. Occasionally in Boenos Aires in smaller print runs out the magazine "Tjednik" and "El Croata Errante".
There is also a radio show on Croatian and Spanish language, that airs every Sunday from studios in Buenos Aires.